It was the 10th anniversary of PFIC and we were thrilled to have it hosted at Robert Morris University. Not only were they a great host for the event, but they were also the recipient of the Paraben Cyber School of the Future award.

Guest Blogger: Cassie Castrejon Interviewing Ira Victor

Q. Please introduce yourself to our readers
  1. My name is Ira Victor, and I am a big advocate of open-source software. I started working in forensics a couple decades ago, so I'm not new to this. I've seen a lot of commercial products come and go. The open source products have consistently been reliable and stable. But doesn't mean I'm open-source exclusive.

Q. What type of cases do you typically work?
  1. The vast majority of my work is in civil matters; I am not former law enforcement. Former law enforcement guys often have a comfort zone in the criminal world. My experience comes out of the private sector. The big exceptions to that is my involvement with InfraGard. There is a great need for digital forensics professionals within InfraGard, it is a public-private partnership between the FBI and the private sector to help protect critical infrastructure. I've worked cases on behalf of the FBI when they need help on certain special cases/circumstances. I would encourage people that are in the digital forensics, information security field, or those who want to get more into the field can do so with InfraGard. Go to to find your local chapter get and involved. And, you can help protect critical infrastructure.

Months ago, we put out the first forensic impacts on the Amazon Echo device and the new virtual assistant Alexa. Since that time, there have been a grouping of different cases that have happened where Alexa has been pivotal. With this shift, IoT evidence is coming to the forefront of what we are looking for in digital evidence. Paraben has been spending a lot of time over the last few years focusing its efforts on IoT data, starting from the support of DJI Drone data back in June 2016.

There are so many different Apps out that trying to stay on top of the trends is an impossible job. Many times, Paraben checks into Apps based on requests and demands associated with specific cases. That is true of the App TextNow. It came to our attention because of a case demand, so some digging needed to happen to see what was available from the App.


Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), aka drones, continue to gain popularity with commercial and hobby operators domestically. Unfortunately, ISIS and other non-state actors are finding consumer UAVs to be extremely effective on the battlefield, malicious actors are using them domestically for surveillance and payload delivery, and civilians use them while violating long standing laws such as voyeurism and disturbing the peace.